中文

The
millennium
story

In Sui Dynasty (the beginning of 6th century), the construction of a temple started the first chapter of Panlong Town. In the past 1,400 years, this Jiangnan town came into being alongside rivers, developed due to temple construction and prospered for trades. As time flies, Panlong Town waxed and waned as dynasties rose and fell. Nowadays, you can still find Jiangnan features in its architecture, and experience Jiangnan lifestyle around. It stands as the very epitome of Jiangnan history, worth exploring and studying.

SUI & TANG
DYNASTIES

Buddhism prevailed in the Sui and Tang dynasties. According to Panlong Town Chronicles, during the year of Renshou in Sui Dynasty when Emperor Wen (Jian Yang) was in power, Monk Ruying raised fund for building a temple in the northeast of Panlong Town. This temple was for holding grand celebrations of Panlong Town. In the 13th year of Dazhong in Tang Dynasty, Lu Su from Wu area rebuilt the temple into a large-scale Avalokiteshvara Temple with a base of 72 acres, later named as Pumen Temple. Pumen in Buddhism means "the comprehensive approach for all sentient beings". In the past one thousand years, although the Pumen Temple was destroyed and rebuilt consecutively in wars, it has been constantly visited by Buddhists. This is because that one year a statue of Deva King in the temple was floated to Panlong River by flood, which was believed to be God's will. The place where Deva King resides was regarded as being blessed.

Today, the temple has long since disappeared, leaving only the stone pillars, which witnessed the history of old temple and town.

SONG
DYNASTY

Business was prosperous in the Song Dynasty, during which, in the Northern Song Dynasty, Chinese liquor development and culture reached peak. To raise taxes, the government set up Liquor Office, a department responsible for managing liquor-making and collecting liquor taxes in developed commercial towns. According to Jiahe Chronicles in Year Zhiyuan, only seven liquor offices were set in Songjiang Prefecture at that time, one of which was in Panlong Town. The rest liquor offices were in Daying, Nanqiao, Beiqiao, Tinglin, Qinglong and Shanghai. The number of taxes collected in Panlong Liquor Office ranked third, showcasing the prosperity of Panlong Town. Between the Northern and Southern Song Dynasty, Panlong Town was also an important location along the post office road from the Songjiang Prefecture to Shanghai.

At that time, Panlong Town was thriving due to the renowned temple, dense population, flourishing liquor business, and key location. The prosperity continued from the Sui, Tang, Song to Yuan Dynasty.

MING
DYNASTY

In the autumn of 1549, Emperor Jiajing was sitting in the West Garden of the Forbidden City, vexed at a bunch of memorials from the southeast, which were all about the same issue: " Wokou (Japanese pirates) assaults in Zhejiang". In history it was called "Jiajing Wokou Raid ".

From the fall of the 28th to the 43th year of the reign of Emperor Jiajing, the peaceful southeastern sea frontier was caught in chaos. Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian and Guangdong Provinces were almost all involved in battles. The long-time laxed military household and guard post systems could not cope with it at all. Lacking experience and training, generals and soldiers were easily defeated in almost every attack by Wokou.

During this decade of assaults, Panlong Town was robbed and burnt down. The market was destroyed. The prosperity all disappeared in the history.

QING
DYNASTY

In the early Qing Dynasty, Chen Junhua, a refugee from Jiangning, came here to open a zhiku and a cloth store. In this way, the Panlong Market once again regained its prosperity. The so-called zhiku is a small pawn shop, while cloth store represents the basic form of trade in the textile industry. Although Chen's business was only at the township level, it symbolized the power of finance and trade, which drove the boom of Panlong's service industry. Grocery stores, restaurants, and taverns emerged one after another. The well-developed service industry attracted many wealthy families to Panlong Town. In the middle of Qing Dynasty, a "cross-shaped" street market was gradually formed in Panlong Town, extending about 250 meters from north to south, and 500 meters from east to west. The bazaar of Panlong at this time was even busier than that in Zhudi Town and Qibao Town.

From the beginning of Qing Dynasty, the boom of Panlong business lasted for three hundred years. Even the warfare of Taiping Rebellion did not destroy it.

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No.161 Shuanglian RD, Qingpu Dist,SH(extended section of West Tianshan Road)